hazardous waste incineration plant byInspire Waste

Hazardous Waste Incineration

hazardous waste incineration plant

Hazardous waste incineration plant North East, UK

At Inspire Waste, we understand the dilemma business owners have when it comes to disposing of hazardous waste through hazardous Waste Incineration specifically or other waste treatment. There are many questions around the best way to dispose of hazardous waste, especially as we’re now seeing the long-term impacts of waste that haven’t been disposed of responsibly. Understanding hazardous waste incineration and its implications on the environment, the benefits it can provide, and how it can become a lifelong solution to dispose of hazardous waste are at the heart of our solutions for your business. We’re here, so you can be secure in the knowledge your business is part of the solution, not the problem.

Introduction to Hazardous Waste Incineration

Hazardous waste comes in many forms, and its disposal of has become a major concern for the UK. Previously, much of the waste streams, around 8,000 tonnes, were transported to China for recycling or other treatment facility, but this is no longer a viable option. Much of the plastic waste disposal was contaminated with other hazardous waste, which was then incinerated by the Chinese, but they are no longer willing to take on this role in the waste collection and waste disposal chain. The UK Environment Agency is placing greater responsibility on the UK to deliver its own, more efficient, and more effective ways of disposing and burning hazardous waste materials. Inspire Waste is rising to this challenge.

Can Hazardous Waste be Incinerated?

A huge variety of hazardous waste can be incinerated safely and securely. Hazardous waste management includes some of the most well-known products which are sent for secure destruction and utilisation:

  • Medical Waste – Infectious and Radioactive
  • Clinical Waste
  • Cosmetics
  • Pharmaceutical waste / laboratory waste
  • Pesticides
  • Commercial and Household Paints
  • Radioactive Waste


Inspire Waste uses many disposal options for waste disposal including the most difficult materials in waste hierarchy like pharmaceutical waste and radioactive waste management.

What Waste Cannot Be Incinerated?

There are some substances which cannot be incinerated at a hazardous waste incineration facility:

  • Activated Carbon – This is used in purifying public drinking water, industrial pollution control and the manufacturing processes of certain food and drinks.
  • Animal Fats – These are highly flammable and uncontrollable, which leads to further issues within an incineration plant.
  • Agrochemicals – Some specific chemicals release harmful gases when they’re exposed to high temperatures. As air pollutants, they could lead to environmental and human health consequences.


What is Hazardous Waste Incineration Plant?

The different types of hazardous waste incineration facilities ensure the full destruction of hazardous materials, so they don’t become air pollutants and contaminate soil or natural environment. The burning process is associated with lower-level emissions control of greenhouse gases and is known to eliminate poisonous gases including dioxins and furans. These toxins can travel through the air and settle on crops and water sources, such as rivers and lakes, causing irreversible contamination and disrupting the food chain for humans and animals. The incineration process allows better pollution control and reduces the reliance on the use of fossil fuels for energy production, reducing carbon emissions and damage to the wider environment.

Modern Hazardous Waste Incineration Plant Facilities

Modern Hazardous Waste Incineration Plant Facilities

The Hazardous Waste Incineration Process

Significant steps have been made around the world when it comes to incinerating hazardous materials and the continued improvement of hazardous waste incineration facilities. Countries like Germany, Denmark and the USA have reduced the solid mass of the original waste using the incineration process to provide a reliable waste to energy conversion. Inspire Waste is leading the UK into the future – reclaiming this energy thanks to development of incineration technology has become an integral part of our strategy for the management of hazardous materials disposal.

Burning Hazardous Waste

Burning hazardous waste in an incineration waste facilities can be described as giving waste the thermal treatment, ensuring these types of difficult waste are thoroughly destroyed and contained. This high-temperature incineration takes hazardous waste and changes into other substances, such as gas, heat and flue ash. These new recovered substances can create reusable energy stores for redistribution, turning them from hazardous waste into valuable resources.

High-Temperature Incineration of Hazardous Waste

Solid Waste Incinerators can reduce the overall mass and volume of waste by up to 80 and 90 % respectively. The super high temperatures, often up to 1200°C are integral to breaking down toxic compounds and protecting the atmosphere from the release of toxic materials and the release of greenhouse gas emissions. These extremely high temperatures also produce the chemical reactions needed to create new and reusable forms of electricity and material redistribution.

What’s The Difference Between Incineration And Hazardous Waste Combustion?

Hazardous waste combustion is the chemical process which includes the reaction between the hazardous substances and oxygen, which produces energy as a by-product, and is vital in a variety of industries. Incineration can be described as the destruction of something through the process of burning. The organic matter is burned to produce ash, flue gas and heat as final viable and reusable products. Incinerators reduce the reliance on fossil fuels for energy production, preserving the environment.

What Are The Types of Incinerators for Hazardous Waste?

There are 4 main incinerator plant designs which are most commonly used to incinerate hazardous waste around the world.

  • Simple Incinerator
  • Fixed or Moving Grate Incinerator
  • Rotary Kiln Incinerator
  • Fluidized Bed Incinerator


Our range of hazardous waste incineration systems are specially designed to cope with most kinds of medical and hazardous waste in the majority of climates and conditions including biological waste, chemical waste, industrial waste and radioactive waste management.

What Are The Common Health Problems Associated With Poor Waste Management?

Health problems are also a major consideration, and previously poor waste management and old incineration technology has lead to human and animal health implications which have serious consequences.

For humans, these can include:

  • Respiratory Issues, often associated with air pollution
  • Reduces the chance of biological waste contagions in the populations
  • Blood Infections and Fatalities
  • Skin Allergies and Irritations
  • Various Strains of Cancers
  • Reproductive Issues


For the wider environment, poor hazardous waste management has driven changes which have included:

  • Animal Mutations
  • Destruction of Natural Water Sources
  • Infection of crops and a mutation of the food chain for animals and humans


Which is Better Landfill or Hazardous Waste Incineration?

The recovery of energy and reduced level of greenhouse emissions makes a solid case for incinerating hazardous waste. There is also the fact that burning reduces the amount of toxins which can seep into the soil and poison the ground when they’re left to languish at a landfill site. When it comes to the decomposition of waste, the landfill sites only allow for the thorough degradation of organic waste materials which continues to accumulate over time. In turn, the landfill sites themselves are becoming overwhelmed and less environmentally friendly.

Is The incineration of Hazardous Waste Better Than Recycling?

Over the last 20 years, the UK government has introduced waste legislation to reduce the quantity of waste sent to landfill and to focus on recycling as a more environmentally viable option. Incinerating hazardous waste can be seen as a part of the recycling process, as new reusable and safe supplies of energy are being created and redistributed. Incinerator operators can also redistribute materials thanks to materials recovery facilities. Materials produced through burning, such as ash, can be sent to industries such as construction, saving valuable raw resources, including fossil fuels, from being used in the process of creating new industrial waste.

How Does Incineration Help in the Management of Hazardous Waste?

The incineration of hazardous materials reduces the overall volume of the hazardous waste which imposes a detrimental effect and has long term implications for the global environment. It stops hazardous waste from seeping into natural water sources and poisoning the soil in and around landfill sites, which could affect the wider geographical area. Medical Waste Incinerators keep hazardous medical waste away from the general public, reducing the possible spread of infectious diseases into the general population. It can also be a part of energy recovery process.

What Are The Advantages of Incinerating Hazardous Waste?

There are several advantages to incinerating hazardous waste:

  • Incineration could reduce overall waste volume by up to 90%
  • In areas where landfill space is limited incineration facilities can take up the slack
  • Incineration is more hygienic when it comes to smells and pests released into the environment
  • Incineration is an alternative and reliable source of generated electricity for homes and industry
  • The ash produced can be reused in the construction industry for road building
  • Metal can be extracted from the ash and reused by Industries such as the Steel Industry
  • Incinerators reduce the reliance on fossil fuels for energy production


How many incinerators are there in the UK?

There are over 90 incinerator units across the UK. A number of North East hazardous waste incineration plants were decommissioned including Byker, South Shields, Sunderland, Tynemouth and Gateshead Incinerator. Inspire Waste is here to make sure your hazardous waste is efficiently and safely incinerated at an inspected hazardous waste incineration facility.

Hazardous waste incineration facility UK

Inspire Waste will responsibly dispose of your hazardous waste in a safe and reliable process through our approved incineration facilities. We understand the corporate responsibility and the implications for business owners who need to dispose of their hazardous waste safely and with complete reliability, giving you the peace of mind to concentrate on running the other areas of your business.

Inspire DEC Blog

What sort of organisations need to use clinical waste incinerators?

There are several kinds of businesses and organisations which need to use clinical waste incinerators.

Any waste which consists of wholly or partly human or animal tissue, blood, or other bodily fluids, drugs, pharmaceutical products, dressings, swabs, needles, syringes, or sharp instruments which may prove hazardous to someone coming into contact with them, is considered hazardous clinical waste.

This is the waste that needs to be sent to clinical waste incinerators and destroyed carefully.


Where does clinical waste come from?

  • Hospitals – They produce a whole range of clinical waste from swabs and dressings to sharps, drugs, and human tissue.
  • GP practices – Produce waste dressings, needles, syringes, drugs, and bodily fluids.
  • Pharmacies – Produce waste drugs, pharmaceutical products, and needles.
  • Dentists – Produce waste bodily fluids, needles, drugs, and swabs.
  • Aestheticians and beauty therapists – Produce waste needles, syringes, and swabs from anti-wrinkle injections and fillers.
  • Vets – Produce waste animal tissue, dressings, drugs, swabs, syringes, and needles.
  • Care homes and care providers – Produce waste dressings, drugs, needles, and pharmaceutical products.
  • Research laboratories – Produce waste human and animal tissue, bodily fluids, needles, syringes, and drugs.
  • Transfusion services – Produce waste bodily fluids such as blood, swabs, and needles.


Is all clinical waste hazardous waste?

No, only special waste comes under the Hazardous Waste (England & Wales) Regulations 2005 and the Special Waste Amendment (Scotland) Regulations 2004.

For example, gowns, gloves, and masks, and outer dressings which aren’t contaminated with body fluids are non-hazardous, and so is sterilised laboratory waste.

You can find out more here.

What happens when waste gets to clinical waste incinerators?

At a temperature of 1,100C, the clinical waste is completely destroyed and the inert residue is left.

Only 20% of the volume of the waste is left to go to landfill.

If the incineration had not taken place, some scientific studies claim that greater amounts of greenhouse gases, hydrocarbons, hazardous air pollutants, nitrogen oxides, and dioxin would be produced.

If left in landfill without incineration, this waste could also leach into local watercourses and pollute the environment. It could spread disease and infection.

There is also an energy capture system in place when waste is burned at some plants, generating more energy.


How do you choose the right company to transport your waste?

Your waste must be transferred by a company with the correct waste transfer licence.

Ensure they are registered and have the correct accreditations, understand the complex waste transfer note process and how important it is to keep you on the right side of the law, avoiding the substantial fines which can be imposed for breaching hazardous waste regulations.

You should also look for decades of experience in dealing with clinical waste and clinical waste incinerators.

Look for a business like Inspire Waste Management which can advise you on all of these issues and ensure your waste is taken to the appropriate facility for its disposal and destruction.

Ensure your company gives you a certificate of destruction so that you can prove you dealt with your hazardous clinical waste responsibly.


Do you need advice on clinical waste incinerators from our Inspire Waste Management team? Contact us on 0800 002 9282.

clinical waste incinerators

In the health sector? Read our comprehensive guide to clinical waste incinerators

clinical waste incineratorsDoes your organisation or business produce items which need to be dealt with by clinical waste incinerators?

The UK regulations for dealing with this waste are stringent and complex. The aim is to prevent contamination of people and the environment, and the spread of infections and diseases.

So, here’s our useful guide to the process – from identifying and storing the waste to taking it to clinical waste incinerators.

What is clinical waste?

It is defined as any waste which is wholly or partly human or animal tissue, blood, or other bodily fluids, pharmaceutical products or drugs, dressings and swabs, needles, syringes, or sharp instruments which may prove hazardous to people coming into contact with it.

Waste from dental, veterinary, and medical practices, pharmacies, nursing practices, from scientific investigations using tissue or blood, from treatment centres, care practices, teaching or research facilities using such matter, or waste blood from transfusion services can be included in this definition.

Some clinical waste is classified as special waste and comes under the Hazardous Waste (England & Wales) Regulations 2005 and the Special Waste Amendment (Scotland) Regulations 2004.

Find out more here.

The UK government says that healthcare offensive waste such as protective clothing like gowns, masks, and gloves, and outer dressings, all of which aren’t contaminated with body fluids, is non-hazardous, as is sterilised laboratory waste. What it calls municipal offensive waste, such as nappies, sanitary protection, and incontinence pads, are also non-hazardous. They are not classed as clinical waste and must be stored separately from it.

How should it be stored and dealt with?

There are clear regulations for storing clinical waste. Sharps such as needles must be held in rigid containers, and other clinical waste should be in yellow or orange plastic bags marked for clinical waste. It should all be secured in a locked container. Items which are infectious and contaminated chemically must go in the yellow bags, while the orange bags are for infectious, uncontaminated waste.

Any hazardous waste has to have the correct waste transfer note, be categorised and described correctly, and it must be disposed of at a licensed facility.

The majority of the facilities where waste is processed are clinical waste incinerators.

How do clinical waste incinerators work?

Waste must be held at a properly licensed waste transfer station then send on to the incinerators. They use high temperature incineration at a temperature of 1,100C to completely destroy items and leave inert residues. Generally, this reduces the volume of the incinerated items by 80% and reduces the amount of waste going to landfill where greater amounts of greenhouse gases, hazardous air pollutants, hydrocarbons, nitrogen oxides, and dioxin would be produced compared to an incinerator, some scientific studies claim. Clinical waste in landfill could also leach into local watercourses, polluting the environment and spreading disease and infection.

Some of the incinerators also generate energy when waste is burned. In Sweden, 8% of the country’s heating is generated from 50% of the waste it burns.

In England alone, 263,000 tonnes of clinical waste can be destroyed every year. One incinerator in the Wirral can handle 100,000 tonnes in a year.

How do you choose the right waste management company?

Choose a licensed company with a track record in successful clinical waste removal, such as Inspire Waste Management. They will understand the regulations and the different categories within clinical waste and will carry out the transfer to the right disposal facility, ensuring your paperwork is correct.


Do you need advice on clinical waste from our Inspire Waste Management team? Contact us on 0800 002 9282.